Charles G. Nelson
Professor, German Russian and Asian Languages and Literatures

Madeline H. Caviness
Mary Richardson Professor, Art and Art History

Group I: Women denied right to advocate or plead in court
Landrecht II,63,1,2

Heidelberg 10v

Oldenburg 60v

Dresden 34v

Wolfenbüttel 40v

The law on this denial of women's right to speak or plead in court and this representation of it is explained above in the label entitled "Heidelberg Sachsenspiegel." Heidelberg shows a more aggressive pose on the woman's part, a negative in this time. Oldenburg has moved the judge away from the text and put the woman in the center of the register. The other figure is that of a cleric agreeing to advocate for a man not entitled to do so in an ecclesiastical court because he has been banned. The illustrator chooses not to represent his banishment, the reason for his exclusion, preferring to provide a solution to his problem; whereas for the woman's problem, he elects to show the cause only, omitting any strategy for dealing with her silencing. Oldenburg marginalizes this case by further "banishing" him off to the right under the text.

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